ERIC Number: ED188080
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May
Reference Count: 0
Experiencing Negative Affect About Self or Other: Effects on Helping Behavior in Children and Adults.
Barnett, Mark A.; And Others
The differential effects of self- and other-directed negative affect on subsequent generosity are explored in two studies, both using a modified version of the direct mood inducement procedure (Moore, 1973). Subjects (N=85) in the first experiment were children aged 7-12. Subjects (N=48) in the second experiment were college undergraduates. Subjects in both studies were instructed to think about and discuss sad incidents experienced by themselves or others prior to the opportunity to help. The prediction was confirmed that children and adults empathetically experiencing negative affects of others would show higher levels of helping than self-focused subjects. Focusing an individual on another's misfortune may encourage altruistic behavior, an effect more marked on male subjects. Since the potential recipients of help were not the targets of the affective arousal, empathy appears to transfer and enhance other charitable behaviors. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Mood Inducement; Transference
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (52nd, St. Louis, MO, May 1-3, 1980).