ERIC Number: ED188060
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr-10
Reference Count: 0
Leisure Activities, Worker Motivation, and Temperament in Men and Women.
Jaynes, W. E.
As a follow-up to studies by McKechnie (1974) and Marano (1976), the relation of self-report questionnaire measures of worker motivation and temperament to similar measures of participation in leisure activities was explored. One sample of 72 college students was given worker motivation and temperament questionnaires. A second sample of 126 college students was given the worker motivation questionnaire and a leisure activities questionnaire. All data were subjected to component analysis. In the first sample, analysis for both men and women showed two components, directive-nondirective and carefree-conscientious, which account for the intercorrelation of six worker motivation scores and five temperament scores. In the second sample, the directiveness motivation component is positively associated with actualizing activities in men, and with crafts/domestic and/or feminine in women. The carefreeness component is positively associated with sensation-seeking in men and with social activity in women. Carefreeness is negatively associated with crafts/artistic for both sexes. Results show neither the substantial relations reported by Marano (1976) nor the sex dimensions found by McKechnie (1974), possibly due to the utilization of college student samples whose opportunities to engage in various leisure activities may be limited. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Southwestern Psychological Association (26th, Oklahoma City, OK, April 10-12, 1980).