ERIC Number: ED187786
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep-15
Reference Count: 0
Fiscal Strain and American Cities: Six Basic Processes.
Clark, Terry Nichols; Ferguson, Lorna C.
This paper addresses the causes of urban fiscal difficulty in American cities by outlining the dynamics of six distinct processes. These operate differentially in many American cities; together they converged to produce the acute difficulties in New York City. They are, nevertheless, distinct enough to consider separately both for analytical coherence and for policy intervention; the causes and solutions to each are distinguishable enough to warrant separate attention. The six processes are: (1) national trends; (2) attracting and keeping jobs; (3) the politicization of municipal employees; (4) the poor-redistribution cycle; (5) maintaining a non-poor population; and (6) maturing fiscal obligations. Beyond identifying multiple and distinct causes of fiscal problems, the paper also stresses variations in fiscal strain between cities and the role of the local, political leadership. The development of a multi-causal explanation facilitates this process of differentiating between cities. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Twentieth Century Fund, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL.; National Opinion Research Center, Chicago, IL.
Identifiers: New York (New York)
Note: Revision of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (Chicago, IL, September 6, 1977). Not available in paper copy due to light print.