ERIC Number: ED187774
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Canadian Multiculturalism: A Critique.
Anderson, Alan B.; Stasiulis, Daiva K.
This paper attempts to assess the extent to which multiculturalism in Canada is fact (sociological reality), fancy (ideology), or policy. First, the actual observability of separate ethnic groups is considered. Some factors in the persistence of cultural identity are discussed. These include ethnic visibility, replenishment through continued immigration, institutional completeness and enclosure of ethnic minorities, a group's position in the capitalist socioeconomic structure, and the role of the Anglo-French bilingual bicultural framework in emphasizing general ethnic diversity. Census data on language and religion are examined as indicators of erosion of ethnicity, at least among Euro-Canadian groups. Second, multiculturalism is explored as an ideology in Canadian society. Factors considered include the flexibility and manipulability of individuals' ethnic identities, and overemphasis on ethnicity, especially in social science literature, and the romanticization of ethnic identity and ethnic history. Finally, multiculturalism is examined from the policy perspective. Recent Federal, Provincial, and municipal policies are mentioned and the public funding of ethnic events and multicultural activities is emphasized as an important perpetuator of ethnic diversity. Critiques of current multicultural policies, including the leftist view that "multiculturalism" actually represents the interests of the dominant society, are reviewed. Future directions in multicultural policy are also considered. (GC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on "Ethnicity, Power and Politics in Canada," the Biennial Conference of the Canadian Ethnic Studies Association (Vancouver, Canada, October 11-13, 1979). References may be marginally legible. Not available in paper copy due to reproducibility factors.