ERIC Number: ED187736
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Response Rarity as a Criterion in the Measurement of Originality.
Bachelor, Barry; And Others
Verbal responses to several tests of originality were subjectively rated for originality. The ratings were compared with the statistical frequency of these responses in two samples of test takers, 150 elementary school children and 60 college students. The elementary school children were administered three measures from the Wallach and Kogar test battery: Uses, Instances, and Similarity. The children were encouraged to think of a response nobody else in their class would think of. The college students' tests were the Alternate Uses test of Christensen, Guilford, Merrifield, and Wilson and the Consequences test of Christensen, Merrifield, and Guilford. Responses were classified in four categories: unique, used twice, used three times, and used four or more times. Responses were also rated on a five-point scale of originality. Interjudge reliability of the ratings ranged from .62 to .92 for various samples; but the correlation between originality ratings and infrequency of usage ranged from .03 to .16. It is suggested that response frequency scores are not a valid substitute for originality scores for tests like these. (CTM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Guilford Creativity Test Battery; Response Rarity; Wallach and Kogan Creativity Test Battery
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (64th, Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).