ERIC Number: ED187717
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
A State of the Art Assessment of Educational Evaluation.
Borich, Gary D.
Some of the historical developments which have influenced educational evaluation are the importance of operationalism and behavioral objectives; curriculum reform; the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; and school and teacher accountability. Major problems related to current evaluation practices include negative attitudes toward evaluation, and the lack of theory and adequate guidelines for evaluation. Traditional conceptual schemes of evaluation include measurement as evaluation; determination of congruence; professional judgment; and applied research, though most evaluators and researchers implicitly support a separation between these two modes of inquiry. Current approaches to evaluation and evaluation models include Provus' discrepancy evaluation model, Stake's antecedents-transactions-outcomes model, and the context, input, process, product (CIPP) model. These decision-oriented evaluation models can be contrasted with value-oriented evaluation, based on Dewey's conceptualization of valuation. Out of this theoretical base, naturalistic evaluation methods have arisen, including the responsive, judicial, transactional, connoisseurship, and illumination models. Concurrently, systems-oriented evaluation has also been developed, to interconnect the planning, development, and evaluation process. All these approaches have implications for needs assessment and policy analysis. (Over 80 bibliographical references are appended.) (GDC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dewey (John); Evaluation Problems; Naturalistic Research