ERIC Number: ED187436
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Developing Nonverbal Communication Competencies in Children.
Cooper, Pamela; And Others
This discussion of the development of children's competency in nonverbal communication is divided into three major sections; (1) review of literature, (2) methodological concerns, (3) implications for teachers. The review of literature focuses on post-1970 studies using non-institutionalized children. Findings are organized according to developmental changes in kinesics, physical characteristics, proemics, touching, paralanguage, artifacts, and environmental factors. The methodology section lists the following concerns: using adult standards rather than child standards to interpret children's behavior; using age as a variable to guide research about nonverbal development; using retrospective speculation about childhood behavior to explain adult behavior; and adopting terms from other disciplines to describe the behavior of children. The section on implications for teachers provides discussion of the following: engaging in more systematic research into the development of nonverbal communication; avoiding an underestimation of the young child's communication capabilities; complementing the developmental stage of the child with communication curriculum; using nonverbal instruction for all levels of education, including preschool; recognizing that the development of nonverbal competency occurs covertly as well as overtly; and recognizing that all teachers, regardless of subject matter, influence a child's communication development. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Body Language, Child Development, Developmental Stages, Discrimination Learning, Early Childhood Education, Emotional Development, Eye Fixations, Literature Reviews, Nonverbal Communication, Personal Space, Physical Characteristics, Preschool Education, Research Methodology, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Responsibility
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).