ERIC Number: ED187373
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr-24
Reference Count: 0
On Improving Student Retention: Reflections on the NORCAL Project Following a Decade of Change.
MacMillan, Thomas F.
Research reports are cited in this examination of the applicability of the findings of a 1971 NORCAL Research Group student attrition study and Extended Opportunity Programs and Services (EOPS) legislation to today's non-traditional student. After brief descriptions of the composite profile of the "high risk" student, which was developed by the NORCAL study, and the intervention strategies incorporated into EOPS activities to meet the needs of these students, the report cites data from more recent studies which reconfirm the NORCAL finding that attrition, especially among poor, minority students, remains a costly and significant problem. Additional studies are then examined, which demonstrate that despite the increased enrollment of older, non-traditional students, intervention strategies aimed at the individual student, such as financial and tutorial assistance, peer counseling, and academic support services, can have a significant impact on the retention and achievement of "high risk" students. The paper concludes with five recommendations for colleges concerned with retention: increasing descriptive research to identify differential rates of retention among segments of the student population; involving instructional faculty in the study of course withdrawal; focusing on promoting the academic success of "high risk" students; conducting academic assessment of new students; and providing student support services. (JP)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Community Colleges, Dropout Prevention, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Research, High Risk Students, School Holding Power, Student Attrition, Student Characteristics, Student Personnel Services, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges, Withdrawal (Education)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: California; Extended Opportunity Programs and Services; NORCAL Research Group
Note: Paper presented to the Research & Development Conference of the California Community and Junior College Association (Monterey, CA, April 23-25, 1980)