PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED187109
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Requiem for Presupposition.
Karttunen, Lauri; Peters, Stanley
Presuppositions, those propositions which the sentence is not primarily about but which have to be established prior to the utterance of a sentence in order for communication to go smoothly, are discussed. The notions of the Kiparskys (1970), Lakoff (1970, 1971), Fillmore (1971), Karttunen (1971), and Horn (1969) are summarized with examples in an attempt to determine the nature of and the basis for a presupposition. There are two types of propositions that can be presupposed by a sentence, a semantic presupposition and a pragmatic presupposition. The semantic notion requires truth of the presupposition to be a necessary condition for a declarative sentence to be usable for a statement-making speech act. The pragmatic notion requires belief in the presupposed sentence by the speakers and it is a necessary condition for normal, sincere, or felicitous utterance of the presupposing sentence. Three illustrative cases of presupposing sentences are examined in detail. It is demonstrated that they have such different properties that a single notion of what a presupposition is cannot be stated, nor can laws to govern presuppositions successfully account for and govern all presuppositions be established. (PMJ)
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Language Research, Linguistic Theory, Pragmatics, Semantics, Sociolinguistics, Speech Communication, Structural Analysis (Linguistics)
Berkeley Linguistics Society, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 ($8.20 for entire Proceedings)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (3rd, Berkeley, CA, February 19-21, 1977).