ERIC Number: ED186675
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The State of Urban School Guidance and Counseling in the Major School Districts of America.
Barnes, Keith D.
A comprehensive analysis of the state of school guidance and counseling emphasizing career guidance and counseling involved a literature search, compilation of current educational statistical data, a national survey of large city career counseling services, visitations and direct communication with school guidance personnel, and interviews with leaders in the field. Factors in the home, school, and community which influence urban youth were identified. Reform of past practices emphasizing special needs and college-attendance-related job functions was recommended to respond to the varied services demanded from and limited funds available to counselors today. Although they are sound, existing models for delivery of career counseling were considered dependent on accurate student needs and self-understanding information. An alternate method incorporating community involvement was suggested. A survey of the 112 largest public school systems produced information indicating that career guidance and counseling services in urban schools (1) are not properly funded; (2) lack adequate supplies, resources, and personnel; (3) need to develop models to improve services; (4) need to establish operational professional roles and function statements; (5) are facing pressure to add more duties despite staff shortages; (6) require more intensive inservice training and skill development experiences; and (7) must improve their communication skills with school staff and the community. (The survey instrument is appended. See Note for needs assessment, operations evaluation instruments, and model and delivery system.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Career Counseling, Career Education, Career Guidance, Community Influence, Delivery Systems, Environmental Influences, Family Influence, Guidance Programs, National Surveys, Program Improvement, Public Schools, Pupil Personnel Services, School Community Relationship, School Counseling, School Guidance, Secondary Education, State of the Art Reviews, Urban Areas, Urban Schools, Urban Youth
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Identifiers: United States
Note: For related documents see CE 025 196 and CE 025 198-199.