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ERIC Number: ED186176
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Changing Role of Women in the Rural Economy.
O'Leary, Jeanne M.
Labor force participation of nonmetropolitan women rose in the 1970's but not in a consistent pattern. Their labor force participation rose 4.5% between 1973 and 1978, when they comprised 41% of the total nonmetropolitan labor force. Although women accounted for 89% of nonmetropolitan employment growth in the 1960's and 58% in the 1970's, their mean earnings declined. A greater percentage than before of nonmetropolitan women entered professional, technical, managerial, clerical, craft, and service sector occupations while fewer entered operative occupations, a former source of great employment gain for the nonmetropolitan female population. Educational level correlated positively with occupational choice and both factors together had implications for job stability. The three main factors which influenced the decisions of rural women to enter the work force are: economic considerations (resulting from inflation); changing family structure and social attitudes (the largest net increase in nonmetropolitan female labor force participation rates occurred for ages 25-34, prime childbearing years); and more job opportunities (resulting from the decentralization of manufacturing to rural areas). (SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Rural Women
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (Burlington, VT, August 23-26, 1979).