ERIC Number: ED186115
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Selected Attitudes of Teachers and Student Perceptions of Instruction at the Primary Level.
Benninga, Jacques S.; And Others
This study examines the relationship between several teacher attitudes and students' perceptions of the teaching milieu. To assess these relationships, measures of teachers' attitudes, teachers' perceptions of their own teaching and children's evaluations of the instruction were used. Five instruments were used to measure the attitudes of 42 first, second and third grades teachers: The F-Scale (anti-democratic tendencies), the Attitudes Towards the Freedom of Children Scale, the Teaching Self-Concept Scale, the Affect Towards Teaching Scale, and the Perception of Causation Scale (locus of control). The students sample included 378 first graders, 405 second graders, and 365 third graders. Each student was administered the Student Evaluation of Teaching II (Set II). Full results were obtained from 23 of the 42 teachers. Analysis of these results show the following: (1) teachers' perceptions of causation, their affect towards teaching, their attitude towards the freedom of children and their anti-democratic tendencies (F-Scale scores) were all in a direction consistent with expected scores. That is, the more responsibility teachers assume for the learning of their students, the more they like teaching, the more freedom they feel children should have and the more democratic their values tend to be. (2) All of the above measures were found to be inversely related to the self-concept measure. That is, the more confident teachers (high teaching self-concept) felt less responsibility, liked teaching less, felt more restrictive in regard to children's freedom and tended to be more authoritarian. (3) The grade level at which a teacher teaches (within this narrow range) had little effect upon student's ratings of the teacher. In regard to years of teaching experience, again there is little difference between the groups. (4) Male students consistently rated their teachers more positively than did the female students. (Author/MP)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Attitude Measures, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Instruction, Responsibility, Self Concept, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes, Student Evaluation of Teacher Performance, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Evaluation, Teaching (Occupation)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Student Perceptions of Teacher
Note: Paper presented at the International Congress on Early Childhood Education (Tel Aviv, Israel, January 6-10, 1980).