ERIC Number: ED186108
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Instruction: One Key to Success.
Grimmett, Sadie A.
This presentation discusses research on the effects of adult- and self-instruction on the performance of a picture grouping task by black children in primary and elementary school. Kindergarten children and first-, fifth- and sixth-grade students were shown pictures that could be divided into four sets. Within each set the pictures were similar in color, depicted action, and category label. Adult-instructed children were shown the pictures one at a time. The adult named the pictures and the child repeated the name. Pictures were placed in rowed arrays containing common set attributes and the adults explained how items in the set were similar. Self-instructed children were told to "pretend to be a toy store manager" and "put things together that are alike...." Children then studied the groups they had formed. After the pictures were removed each child was given three retrieval cue tests asking for recall of items by color, action and category label. Results indicate that young children who were instructed by an adult did as well as adult-instructed older children, but young children left to devise their own strategy did less well than older children who devised a strategy. Adult-instructed first graders remembered more than self-instructed first graders did. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Indiana Univ., Bloomington. School of Education.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Black Child Development Institute (9th, Detroit, MI, October 24-26, 1979).