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ERIC Number: ED186013
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Aug
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A State of the Art of Braille: The Identification of Possible Formats of Braille Production That Will Counteract Rising Costs.
Thomsen, Paulli
This paper identifies and describes four braille production systems that are currently in use: (1) manual--the printed material is transcribed onto braille, proof-read, corrected, and printed; (2) semi-automated--computers or microprocessors transcribe and/or translate the text from ink-print to braille but depend on a manual entry of the text to an applicable medium; (3) automated--compositor tapes are used as input to a computer for translation into braille; and (4) electromagnetic cassette braille-reading machines. The emphasis is placed on the present and future production of braille, but references are also made to the production of large print and synthetic speech, and the need for international formats and standards is discussed. (JD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (45th, Copenhagen, Denmark, August 27-September 1, 1979). Best copy available, bibliography removed prior to filming due to poor type quality.