ERIC Number: ED185908
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar-8
Reference Count: 0
Academic Freedom, Slavery and College Rivalry.
Beauregard, Erving E.
Developments in the late 1830's and early 1840's concerning Franklin College, academic freedom, and slavery are traced. In the small eastern Ohio community of New Athens, there were political, economic, social, cultural, and religious influences that focused on the question of American slavery. The drama unfolded at the nondenominational but religiously influenced Franklin College, where ministers and laymen from heterogeneous branches of Presbyterianism disputed over gradual versus immediate emancipation of the slaves or clung to a neutral stance. A major repercussion was an onslaught on academic freedom leading to the resignations of two successive presidents, the departure of three professors, the imposition on the college of the principle of immediate emancipation, and a schism leading to the founding of Providence College in New Athens. In the latter institution, academic freedom fell victim to the requirement of accepting the gradualist approach to emancipation. This second site of higher learning soon expired, and the older college, Franklin, continued to spread an all-out effort to immediately solve the slave problem in eastern Ohio. (SW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Franklin College OH
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Missouri Valley History Conference (23rd, March 6-8, 1980).