ERIC Number: ED185832
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
An Investigation of Some Advanced Skills of Composition.
Das, Bikram K.
CIEFL Bulletin, v14 n1 p43-62 1978
A study was conducted to investigate: (1) what linguistic and mental abilities are involved in composition; (2) to what extent undergraduate students in India possess these abilities, in English and in their native language; and (3) to what extent these abilities are being taught. The major portion of the paper discusses the nature of composition, its value as text (cohesion), and its value as message (coherence). Composition features which produce coherence are analyzed in a hierarchy of three categories: communicative purpose, communicative function, and communicative act. The various language functions and their corresponding speech factors are tabulated. The purpose, function, and acts of expository writing which most students will use are detailed. Informational strategies used in composition writing -- the synthesis, structuring, weighting, signposting, redundancy, surprise value, and tonality of the information are discussed. An empiricial investigation of the student papers revealed that they did not possess in their native language or in English the skills necessary for composition writing. These skills must be taught concurrently with the grammar of the language. (PMJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Central Inst. of English and Foreign Languages, Hyderbad (India).