ERIC Number: ED185533
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Recall and Readability of Short Prose Passages.
Miller, James R.; Kintsch, Walter
This paper advocates the view of readability as an interaction between text structure and the cognitive processes and structures possessed by a reader. A simulation model of prose comprehension that yields predictions of both propositional recall and text readability based on the frequencies of different processing events is discussed. The paper notes that the model is being extended to include the knowledge based aspects of comprehension, including the representation of text-relevant world knowledge and top-down processes that observe the constraints established in a text as a result of the interaction between a text and a reader's knowledge. Experiments that examine the kinds of expectations which are made during reading and the factors that determine the content and specificity of these expectations are reported. The early stages of a simulation model that integrates knowledge structures with top-down and bottom-up processes are also described. (Author/FL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).