ERIC Number: ED185432
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Superwoman: Ms. or Myth. A Study of Role Overload. A Report to the National Institute of Education.
Bean, Joan P.; Wolfman, Brunetta R.
Although some social scientists have recognized the conflict and duality of career and family roles, few researchers have examined the consequences of balancing working women's multiple roles. Studies reveal that professional men and women appear to comprehend the meaning and implications of the "Superwoman," a woman caught in the triple bind of the needs and demands for achievement, personal satisfaction, and family commitments. The accumulation of roles women take on as life alternatives increase constitutes barriers to occupational success. Women administrators in higher education (N=68) described a "Superwoman," and then indicated how they coped with anxiety, stress, tension and time management. Many of their perceptions, ideas, strategies, background ideologies and family relationships were similar across the three age groups surveyed. Activity patterns were characterized by a type of cooperation, team effort, creativity and concentration which facilitated the development of leadership characteristics. The composite "Superwoman" shows ego strength; self confidence necessary to maintain and balance multiple roles; poise; and social responsiveness. (Author/BMW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dual Careers