ERIC Number: ED185297
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Exemplary Programs for the Disadvantaged: A Report of a National Study.
Wircenski, Jerry L.
The study identified characteristics and innovative approaches employed by exemplary vocational education programs in serving the disadvantaged in co-op, self-contained, and mainstreamed settings (secondary, postsecondary, and adult levels). Forty-one states, three territories and the District of Columbia responded to the request for three program nominations; sixty-seven responses were received from questionnaires mailed to directors of programs so nominated. Findings related to identification and assessment are (1) achievement tests are used as a primary source of client identification; (2) all programs (except mainstreaming) use attendence records as another identification means; (3) academically disadvantaged students (defined as one year or more below reading or math level) are more easily identified than the economically disadvantaged due to confusing definitions, and therefore more frequently selected; (4) there seems to be no widely used means of measuring student achievement for initial assessment but teacher-made assessments seem to be widely used for ongoing evaluation; and (5) principal uses of identification information are in determining support services, modifying or adjusting curriculum, and planning specific instructional services. With respect to programming, two conclusions are made: (1) secondary enrollments have held steady over 1975-78, but adult and postsecondary are rapidly increasing, and (2) a large percentage of the programs attempt to mainstream their disadvantaged learners into regular vocational classrooms. The major staffing conclusion was that exemplary programs seem to be well organized and conduct followup activities yearly. (Profile sheets on all sixty-seven programs, organized by type of program, comprise over 160 pages of the report.) (MEK)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg. Bureau of Vocational and Technical Education.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Div. of Occupational and Vocational Studies.
Identifiers: Mainstreaming the Disadvantaged