ERIC Number: ED184954
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Education of Ethnic Groups in Israel.
Education of ethnic groups in Israel is explored in light of the rapidly growing population and the desire of members of all ethnic groups for upward economic and social mobility. Major ethnic groups include Moslems, Christians, Druze, and various religious and non-religious groups of Jews including Ashkenazim, Sephardim, and Kibbutznik. Ethnic diversity has increased with the arrival of settlers from Asia, Africa, and the Western Hemisphere. One aspect of this diveristy is the increasing conflict between these groups and the earlier settlers of Eastern European origin who have enjoyed historic dominance over political and social structures. Education in Israel begins with compulsory attendance in kindergarten through ninth grade. Higher education is open to students who qualify by examination. Although education is available to all Israeli citizens, Jews of European-American background have made the greatest progress at all levels. Reasons for this progress include experience, education, and motivation of families; fluency in Hebrew and English; and family receptivity to schooling for girls. Reasons for the lack of progress of oriental Jews and members of other ethnic groups include prejudice and lack of fluency in Hebrew and/or English. Suggestions for improving the quality of education for all Israeli citizens include integrating ethnic groups socially, culturally, and educationally; providing special programs for gifted students from disadvantaged groups; and increasing efforts to educate adults of all groups. (DB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (Vancouver, British Columbia, March 21, 1980).