ERIC Number: ED184949
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Training Procedures for Map Learning.
Thorndyke, Perry W.; Stasz, Cathleen
This paper discusses a study to determine the influence of study procedures on success at map-learning tasks. The hypothesis was that subjects who used certain (effective) learning procedures would perform better than subjects who stressed other (less effective) techniques. The effective procedures set comprised techniques for learning spatial information, using self-generated feedback to guide subsequent study behavior, and partitioning the map into sections. The less effective procedures set comprised subjects' random learning techniques, random sampling, and unrestricted focus of attention. Methodology involved directing 43 college students to learn and reproduce maps according to their own techniques. Subjects were then divided into three groups and instructed to participate in a second map-learning task in which they used 1) procedures previously determined as effective learning aids, 2) procedures unrelated to learning success, or 3) their own learning techniques. Findings from a comparison of performance on the first and second map-learning task indicated that performance improvement was directly related to the frequency with which subjects used procedures designated as most effective learning aids. The conclusion is that students can improve learning effectiveness and performance of complex tasks such as map learning if they use procedures designated as effective learning aids. (DB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Objectives, Cognitive Style, Educational Practices, Educational Research, Higher Education, Learning Processes, Locational Skills (Social Studies), Map Skills, Postsecondary Education, Skill Development, Task Analysis
The Rand Corporation, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90406 ($5.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Psychological Sciences Div.; Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Personnel and Training Branch.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Note: For related documents, see SO 012 482.