ERIC Number: ED184884
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Instruction on First-Grade Children's Initial Solution Processes for Basic Addition and Subtraction Problems.
Carpenter, Thomas P.
This study investigated the effect of initial instruction on the processes children use to solve basic addition and subtraction verbal problems. Prior to instruction and following a 2-month introductory unit on addition and subtraction, 43 first-grade children were individually tested on verbal problems representing different models of addition and subtraction. Prior to instruction, children's solution processes modeled the action or relationships described in the problem. Following instruction, they generally used a separating strategy for all subtraction problems. Although they could solve the problems, few children could coordinate their solutions with the arithmetic sentence they wrote representing the problem. (Author/MK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Mathematics Education Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980). Contains light and broken type.