ERIC Number: ED184723
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
When Two Wrongs Make a Right: Promoting Cognitive Change Through Social Conflict.
Ames, Gail Johnson
The effects of different conditions of peer interaction on the conservation judgments of first and second grade children were investigated. Children were subjected to either a control group situation or one of four types of peer interaction (cognitive conflict, social interaction, modeling, or cognitive dissonance) in which they were presented with incorrect information which conflicted with their prior incorrect beliefs. The reason for presenting incorrect information was to assess unambiguously the effects of peer conflict in promoting cognitive change. Subjects were assessed for (1) the number of response changes from pretest to posttest, and (2) changes in conservation scores from pretest to posttest on conversation of mass and length problems. Results indicated that, compared to control subjects, subjects in the four peer interaction conditions changed significantly more answers after the conflict exposure. Subject in all groups except the social interaction group changed their answers in the direction of the incorrect information presented in the conflict situation. Subjects in the social interaction group exhibited more total changes than any other group, and the changes were in the direction of conservation judgments rather than conflicting nonconservation judgments. (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cognitive Dissonance
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Southeastern Conference on Human Development (6th, Alexandria, VA, April 17-19, 1980).