ERIC Number: ED184264
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Interactive Classroom Television Systems on the Educational Experiences of Severely Visually Impaired Students.
Bikson, T. K.; And Others
A 3 year evaluation report is presented on an Interactive Classroom Television System (ITCS), which creates a visual classroom environment for partially sighted elementary school students (study N=24) using the magnification, brightness, and contrast capabilities of television cameras and monitors. It is explained that the system allows teachers and their partially sighted students to be in continuous two way communication with each other. Results are identified in four areas: (1) academic achievement--examination of standardized test scores showed significant improvement in both reading and mathematics during all 3 project years; (2) achievement related visual skills--students made strong progress in visual motor integration but were unable to close the gap, and only second year participants made substantial gains in visual sequential memory (gains in both areas were among the younger students primarily); (3) psychosocial assessments--some positive change in the areas of self esteem, peer affiliation, and peer attachment; and (4) classroom behavior--observations determined that students spent nearly half their time using the ICTS and that nearly all off the classroom time was spent on task behavior. Recommendations for further research and three policy suggestions are included. Excerpts from teachers' logs and cost analysis information are appended. (PHR)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Classroom Environment, Communications, Educational Equipment, Elementary Education, Exceptional Child Research, Instructional Innovation, Program Evaluation, Social Development, Student Participation, Television, Visual Impairments, Visual Perception
The Rand Corporation, 1700 Main St., Santa Monica, CA 90406 ($7.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.