PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED183727
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jan
Reference Count: 0
The Choice of a Job Early in the Career: A Review and Prospectus.
Becker, Henry Jay
Little is known about how young people begin their occupational careers. Since many students are employed, the transition from student to worker is not necessarily a singular event. Consequently, the optimum time for studying the early career/job-search process is an unresolved question. Although job choice of career entrants is intertwined with the timing of career entrance, to date little research has been done in this area. Regarding the occupational choices made by young people, two divergent sources of job selection should be examined. First, the job selections of young people are limited to certain kinds of employment consonant with their personalities and/or occupational aspirations. Second, the occupational choices of young people are constrained by structural factors, such as information opportunities. The methods used by job seekers may indicate to what degree their occupational choices are consistent with their vocational goals. Past studies have shown that young people find jobs primarily through acquaintances and relatives, or by direct application to employers. Our understanding of the process by which young people find jobs has reached a point where refinements of earlier work as well as further investigations into unexplored areas are needed. Areas of needed research include longitudinal studies of job preference and more elaborate study of the job-search process. (Regarding the need for further research, this paper suggests a variety of variables and interaction effects that need to be examined along with the kind of data collection effort that such study will require.) (EM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for Social Organization of Schools.
Note: A small portion of each page will not reproduce well due to broken type.