ERIC Number: ED183674
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Nov
Reference Count: 0
A Model for Planning and Improving the Delivery of Comprehensive Services in Urban Schools.
Ollie, Bert W., Jr.; Leonard, James R.
Despite the hopes of social scientists and civil rights activists that school desegregation would close the educational gap between blacks and whites, a full generation of effort has not resulted in parity between the achievement levels of black and white students. School desegregation alone is not the answer to ending achievement differences. Constraints which militate against school desegregation having positive outcomes include racial discrimination, disproportionate racial representation, rigid educational and disciplinary procedures, and cultural bias. The model presented in this paper is designed to help urban school administrators to select a program which would neutralize the constraints in the desegregated school environment and enhance the probability that school desegregation will have positive outcomes for children. The model is based upon research and data related to desegregation goals, factors that impede success, and programs that have been designed or proven to overcome those factors. Such programs include the provision of breakfast to students, team teaching/learning programs, big brother/big sister programs, training programs for mothers, and programs to diagnose problems that impede learning. In addition, formative evaluation is an essential part of the plan. (Author/GC)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Urban Education Conference (Detroit, MI, November 20, 1979).