ERIC Number: ED183573
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
The Interview as a Research Instrument. No. 86.
When an interview is used as a research technique, the process of the dialogue between the experimenter and the subject is a part of the experimental conditions. The dialogue can be extensively structured, or it can be open-ended. Though the latter situation may provide more information about the subject's thought processes, there is a greater possibility of certain pitfalls, such as the experimenter missing the subject's thoughts by anticipating them and taking too strong a lead in the discussion. Another problem is introduced by the need to go beyond the point where the individual does not know any more. If a subject admits to not knowing any more, the experimenter must question further without insulting the subject. A third problem is created by the subject's dependency on the experimenter. The experimenter must balance a neutral questioning technique with interpretive judgments about the subject's responses. Finally, the data collection might most advantageously be separated into two activities: the interview and the analysis of the transcripts, including the analysis of the interviewer's own part in the dialogue. (BW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Goteborg Univ., Molndal (Sweden). Inst. of Education.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Nordic Society for Educational Research (Lillehammer, Norway, October 25-28, 1979)