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ERIC Number: ED183347
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of Current Indian Legislation and Its Impact On Schools On or Near American Indian Reservations.
Significant 1970's federal legislation regarding American Indian education includes the Tribally Controlled Community Colleges Act; the Gifted and Talented Children's Act (Title IX Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or ESEA) which focuses in part on economically disadvantaged children; the Bilingual Education Act (Title VII ESEA); and the Indian Basic Education Act (IBEA) of 1978 (Title XI ESEA). The IBEA, the result of several years of Congressional work, mandates Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) reform in ten areas: academic standards, boarding situations, school construction, educational functions, funding, parental participation, education personnel, information management, technical assistance, and recruitment. The IBEA addresses student rights within BIA schools and Indian control of Indian educational affairs. The law also gives the Director of the Office of Indian Education Programs line authority over all education personnel. Teachers are removed from civil service and placed under local control. Possibly the greatest impact on Indian education would result not from these new laws, but from the transferral of Indian education to the newly created Department of Education. For Indian education to remain under the authority of the BIA the IBEA must be successful. (SB)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, American Indian Education, American Indian Reservations, Bilingual Education, Board of Education Role, Educational Administration, Educational Change, Educational Finance, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Federal Legislation, Gifted, Government Role, Information Processing, Parent Participation, Schools, Self Determination, Student Rights, Teachers, Tribes
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Las Cruces, NM.
Identifiers: Bureau of Indian Affairs; Department of Education (Proposed); Elementary Secondary Education Act; Indian Basic Education Act