ERIC Number: ED183332
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Dec-10
Reference Count: 0
Systems for Implementing Rural Education Policy.
Heald, James E.
On every continent and in virtually every sovereign nation, rural people are not nearly as well served by educational programs as their fellow countrymen who reside in urban centers. Those persons in governmental agencies who seek solutions to the problems of rural education are confronted by scattered student populations, hostile geography, multiple dialects and languages, shortages of teachers, and competition for sparse funds with other agencies. Despite a wide variety of implementing systems, the four following national educational policies are similar from country to country: (1) national policy shall be predicated upon a full-scale survey of educational conditions throughout the country; (2) national policy shall be to eradicate illiteracy throughout the country; (3) national policy shall unite rural education efforts with broader programs of rural development; and (4) national educational policy shall make extensive use of the mass media in its implementation. Rural education has been most successful when there has been substantial local involvement in both planning and delivery. Rural education programs seem to die from excessive centralization and from complicated bureaucratic relationships. Volunteers at all levels can be used effectively in delivering educational programs. Educational planners will do well to examine the systems now being tested around the world before choosing from among the options available to them for implementing national educational policy. (NEC)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Inter-American Congress on Educational Administration (1st, Brasilia, Brazil, December 10-14, 1979)