ERIC Number: ED183241
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Knowledge Children Use in Producing Stories about Problem Solving.
Goldman, Susan R.
In this study of how children select content to use in producing stories, the information children knew about three problem-solving situations was compared to the information they included in their stories about these situations. Twenty children at each of three age levels (6, 9, and 12 years) were interviewed individually. Within each age group, there were subsets of six skilled and six less-skilled readers as defined by performance on standardized reading achievement tests. During the interview, each child was asked to tell stories about being friendly, getting a dog, and doing chores. After telling the stories, the child was queried about motives, means, obstacles, ways around the obstacles, and real life experiences with regard to each of the story situations. Comparison of the information contained in the stories to information elicited by the queries revealed that the utilization process during story production depended on the nature of the knowledge domain of the story. When the knowledge base was relatively simple and uniform across ages (e.g., getting a dog), skill difference were found in the amount of information utilized and age differences were found at the thematic level. When the knowledge base was more complex and differed across ages (e.g., being friendly), age differences in the utilization process were parallel to the differences in the knowledge base. (JMB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Story Telling by Children
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (87th, New York, NY, September 1-5, 1979)