ERIC Number: ED182729
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Sensitivity to Developmental Differences in Children's Recall of Prose: A Comparison of Two Prose Grammars.
Bieger, George R.; Dunn, Bruce R.
Two text-based prose grammars, the W. Kintsch and B. J. F. Meyer models, were compared as to their sensitivity to potential developmental differences in children's recall of prose. Participants in the study were 212 fourth, fifth, and sixth grade students who had been classified as average or below average in reading ability. The Meyer analysis revealed that older good readers showed significantly higher recall of certain idea units than either younger good readers or poor readers of any age. This analysis suggests that older good readers are better able to recall certain implicit semantic relationships than their younger or less skilled counterparts. The analysis using the Kintsch model did not reveal any apparent developmental differences. It was suggested that the Meyer model, because it explicitly describes the "macrostructure" of a passage, is more sensitive to developmental differences in reading ability. The results offer evidence for qualitative differences in the way children at different levels of cognitive development comprehend and recall prose. (Author/RL)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Comparative Analysis, Content Area Reading, Developmental Stages, Discourse Analysis, Elementary Education, Intermediate Grades, Models, Organization, Prose, Reading Ability, Reading Comprehension, Reading Processes, Reading Research, Recall (Psychology), Retention (Psychology), Structural Analysis
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Story Grammar
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980)