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ERIC Number: ED182684
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Text Structure and Comprehension: New Directions for Readability.
Irwin, Judith Westphal
Recent research in text structure and comprehension has several important implications for readability theory and practice. First, text-level factors such as coherence and organization must be considered along with word-level and sentence-level factors when evaluating the readability of a specific set of materials or when attempting to construct parallel experimental passages of equal difficulty. Second, it is clear that a single-minded application of any factor to all ages and ability levels is likely to be ineffective, because such things as the ability to select the main idea and the ability to make intersentential inferences develop during the school years. Third, the formula approach must be modified; for it is clear that such easily measurable factors as sentence length and number of syllables are not necessary determinants of comprehensibility. Moreover, these formulas provide teachers with little useful information about what can be done to increase student comprehension and retention. Finally, it must be noted that text structure alone cannot determine readability. All considerations of readability must also include reader-related factors such as prior knowledge, attitude, and motivation. (RL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Schemata
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (29th, San Antonio, TX, November 29-December 1, 1979)