ERIC Number: ED182614
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Nov-7
Reference Count: 0
Clinical Report: Helping Habitual Smokers Using Flooding and Hypnotic Desensitization Technique.
Powell, Douglas H.
Most research in smoking cessation has shown no intervention clearly superior or successful. Of those who return to smoking after abstaining, a subgroup includes those who do so incrementally, eventually reaching their former level. An approach aimed at this subgroup, originally used in a group setting, involves intensifying the desire to smoke (flooding) and then using hypnosis to desensitize this impulse. The underlying assumptions of the approach are that smoking is a habit requiring an act of will to change, and hypnosis can augment will power. In an individualized context, a group of 23 subjects were used to test this, specifically aiming at a subgroup of 7 who resumed smoking after briefly abstaining. A general hypnotic technique was used for the original subjects which included a follow-up home regimen of self-hypnosis. Seven individuals reported complete abstinence during follow-up. Seventeen reported a brief abstention only, and sought repeated treatment. The specific flooding and hypnotic and desensitization technique was used, again including a home regimen of self-hypnosis following the directed session. Of these seven, four individuals reported complete abstinence during the follow-up period. (Author/BMW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Aversive Therapy; Flooding (Psychology)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (87th, New York, NY, September 1-5, 1979)