ERIC Number: ED182369
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Cultural Bias in Psychological Testing.
Dent, Harold E.
Despite its reputation for being a scientific and precise tool for measurement, psychological testing is a culturally biased procedure that results in discrimination against minority groups, particularly against minority students. Academic achievement and intelligence tests, the two types of tests most frequently used in public schools, assume that all people have the same kinds of experiences which are tapped by the questions on the tests. They also presume that there is uniformity of school curricula in this country, and that all who take the tests have the same facility with the English language. This cultural bias is compounded by other factors such as the item selection process, the content of the items, and the responses considered acceptable to those items. Because of the data obtained on these tests, a disproportionate number of minority students in California are tracked into classes for the slow learner or mentally retarded, while a very small proportion are in classes for the gifted. Examination of the historical data concerning the social and political implications of such tests, and of the present day uses of these tests in the public schools, will demonstrate the influence their use has had on the lives of minority students. (Author/WP)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper prepared for the Advisory Committee on Education to the Joint Committee on Education Goals and Evaluation of the California Legislature; Not available in paper copy due to reproduction quality of original document; Some pages may be marginally legible