ERIC Number: ED182325
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
The Use of Tests in Admissions to Higher Education.
NCME Measurement in Education, v9 n4 Fall 1978
There are both strengths and weaknesses of using standardized test scores as a criterion for admission to institutions of higher education. The relative importance of scores is dependent on the institution's degree of selectivity. In general, decision processes and admissions criteria are not well defined. Advantages of test scores include: use of common measure for all applicants; elimination of personal biases; and availability of a common element for comparisons. Disadvantages include: measurement of only one aspect of candidates' abilities; inability to distinguish between comparable candidates; inherent errors in scores; cultural and/or racial test bias; and possible lack of comparability between test content and students' curriculum content. Grade point averages (GPA) are also used as an admission criterion and reflect individual performance over a period of time. Raw scores are usually converted to scale scores, and individual scores are compared to those of a norm group. Factors which must be considered are test reliability, standard error of measurement, predictive validity, and content validity. In conclusion, test scores should be used with other available information about the candidates. (MH)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, College Admission, College Entrance Examinations, Competitive Selection, Decision Making, Error of Measurement, Grade Point Average, Higher Education, Norms, Predictive Measurement, Predictive Validity, Scores, Standardized Tests, Test Bias, Test Interpretation, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Testing Problems
National Council on Measurement in Education, 1230 17th Street NW, Washington DC 20036 ($1.50)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council on Measurement in Education, East Lansing, MI.
Identifiers: Content Validity