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ERIC Number: ED182038
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Marital and Infant Factors in the Emerging Parent-Infant Relationship.
Cook, Nancy Illback
The effects of infant responsiveness and marital satisfaction on parent-infant reciprocity in face-to-face interactions are examined in this study. Thirty-two middle to upper-middle class couples attending LaMaze classes were recruited for the study. There were equal numbers of male and female infants. When the infants were approximately three days and 15 days old, a trained examiner administered the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale. At 30 days each spouse independently completed a battery of self-report questionnaires. Husband and wife pairs were videotaped while discussing two marital issues and two upsetting non-marital issues. Parents were individually videotaped in face-to-face interaction with their child at 30 days and at approximately 60 days. Infants were assigned to high or low responsiveness groups. Parent couples were designated as either high or low in marital satisfaction. There were no significant interactions between marital satisfaction and infant responsiveness. In some cases father-infant interactions were altered by the infants' reciprocity patterns in responsiveness. Reciprocity patterns in mother-infant dyads were not systematically altered by infants' level of responsiveness. Mothers and fathers with low marital satisfaction responded more reciprocally to infant behavior. At four weeks, parents with low marital satisfaction appear to respond in a compensatory mode and become "locked in" to parent-infant interactions (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Marital Satisfaction; Reciprocity
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (87th, New York, NY, September 1-5, 1979)