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ERIC Number: ED182029
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Television as a Dependent Variable, for a Change.
Banks, Seymour; Gupta, Rajinder
This statistical analysis of questionnaire data from a study of 673 third, fifth and seventh grade children and their parents was made to identify individual independent variables associated with children's total amount of television viewing. The data were analyzed by the stepwise linear regression method. The theoretical model guiding the analysis consisted of four broad elements: parents' and children's value systems, parent-child interaction, parents' TV viewing behavior and child's demographics. The variables in the data particularized the broad constructs. Findings indicated that all four components of the pre-specified model derived from socialization theory contributed to the children's television viewing behavior. The components and their share of the explained variances are: the child's own value systems (31%); child's own demographics (29%); parent-child interactions (20%); and parent's own TV behavior (20%). In terms of the individual variables studied, it was found that there is a positive relationship between a child's concern for her health and well being and her volume of television viewing. Analysis of the data within and across age groups argues against a simple hypothesis of the cumulative effects of television exposure upon children's anxiety although hostility or detachment towards the parent is associated with heavy viewing behavior. Both TV volume and illness anxiety decrease with age. However, children's anxiety contributes most heavily to the "explained variance" of television viewing among the seventh grade children. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (87th, New York, NY, September 1-5, 1979)