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ERIC Number: ED181444
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Hereditary Factors in Language Acquisition.
Black, Kathryn Norcross
There are two kinds of hereditary influence, genetic inheritance and biological inheritance, that may respond to environmental determinants. The ability to speak is one genetically produced aspect of being human, and research studies based on the assumption that speech is innate to humans have found that infants appear to pay particular attention to speech sounds as compared to other sounds of similar complexity, infants do not need to be coached in the motor skills involved in producing sounds, and the early language of children is universally similar in both grammatical form and meanings expressed. There are also biologically given capacities related to language--differences between individuals that influence language acquisition--that are activated through experience. Behavior genetic analyses using studies of twins reflect differences due to genetic influence in a particular environment. The study of hereditary influences is essential to building theories that supply information for future decision-making regarding children's individual learning differences. A genetic predisposition does not mean that environmental intervention is of limited value, but rather that a different environment in structure, kind of stimulation, and frequency and nature of reinforcements may be necessary for a child with that predisposition. (AEA)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Orton Society (30th, Indianapolis, IN, October 31-November 3, 1979)