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ERIC Number: ED181372
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Disclosure Flexibility and Interpersonal Functioning.
Chelune, Gordon J.
The relationship between dispositional level of self-disclosure or disclosure flexibility--a measure of appropriateness of self-disclosure with respect to social-situational norms--and indices of effective interpersonal functioning were investigated in two experiments. Results of Study I revealed that when differences in social desirability were statistically controlled, females were significantly more neurotic than males, and disclosure flexibility interacted with dispositional level of disclosure. Those medium disclosers who were willing to disclose in accordance with social norms were significantly less neurotic than those whose disclosures deviated from the norms. Results of study II, which examined the effects of disclosure on measures of loneliness, ratings of social skills, and social activity, found that dispositional level of disclosure was inversely related to loneliness and interacted with disclosure flexibility. Appropriate medium disclosure across situations was more highly associated with lower levels of loneliness than inappropriate disclosure. Peer- and observer-ratings of social skills were positively related to dispositional disclosure, but not to disclosure flexibility or level of loneliness. Among lonely subjects, there was a trend for disclosure flexibility to be associated with different levels of social activity. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (87th, New York, NY, September 1-5, 1979)