ERIC Number: ED181253
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Instructional System Development (ISD) in the Armed Services: Methodology and Application. Final Report, August 25, 1977 through March 19, 1979.
Vineberg, Robert; Joyner, John N.
Instructional System Development (ISD) methodologies and practices were examined in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force, each of which prescribes the ISD system involving rigorous derivation of training requirements from job requirements, selection of instructional strategies to maximize training efficiency, and revision of instruction until training objectives are met. Procedures included (1) analysis of guidance documents used in all services for conducting ISD, (2) questionnaire survey of 209 units, agencies, and schools where training is developed, and (3) interview of training developers at thirty-three organizations to determine how fifty-seven courses were designed. The major finding was that ISD is not being used. The iterative and derivative character of the ISD methodology can insure that training will be relevant to job requirements if its procedures are carried out. In practice, however, many ISD components are omitted so that the process is not truly derivative. The elements of ISD actually being practiced involve modern training technology for job analysis and self-paced instruction. Evidence shows that although the products of ISD can be mandated the ISD process itself cannot because training is both developed and evaluated within the training subsystem, whereas the consequences of training occur in operational units. It is thus recommended that operational commands be given a larger role in identifying job requirements, establishing training requirements, and evaluating the performance of training graduates. (Recommendations are presented for nineteen specific steps in the ISD process.) (JT)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower and Reserve Affairs (DOD), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Research Organization, Alexandria, VA.
Identifiers: Air Force; Army; Marine Corps; Navy; United States