ERIC Number: ED181074
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Elements Related to Student Success in Schooling and Education.
Gay, Gary R.
Results of 53 studies correlating 113 school based variables and 149 environmental variables were tabulated and compared to the Goals of Basic Education for Alberta, 1978. School-based variables were represented by five categories: school facilities, personnel, teacher characteristics, classroom climate/practices, and curriculum. Environmental variables were characteristics of the population, home, community, and individual student. Goals were classified under one or more of four domains: cognitive, affective, psychomotor and process (investigative skills). Ninety percent of the environmental variables were found to be statistically significant vs. 73% of the school-based variables; 84% of the studies investigated cognitive goals, while 16% investigated affective goals. Psychomotor and process goals were virtually ignored. Some environmental and school-based variables were identified as being positively, negatively, or ambiguously related to cognitive or to affective goals; if known, the strength of the relationship was reported as a correlation coefficient. These studies supported the notion, reflected in the Alberta Goals, that schools, home and community all share responsibility for improving achievement and attitudes. Research on non-cognitive goals and on curriculum, and a regression equation for validly comparing studies was suggested to be needed. (The 53 studies are listed.) (CP)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Affective Objectives, Cognitive Objectives, Community Characteristics, Correlation, Educational Assessment, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Environmental Influences, Evaluation Needs, Family Influence, Foreign Countries, Institutional Characteristics, Predictor Variables, Psychomotor Objectives, Research Reviews (Publications), State Programs, Student Characteristics, Success
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Ministers Advisory Committee on Student Achievement.
Identifiers: Alberta; Canada
Note: For related documents, see TM 009 921-922