ERIC Number: ED181068
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jul
Reference Count: 0
A Multidimensional Scaling Study of Gender Bias in Service and Technical Interests. EAC Reports, 79-22. EAC Project 617.
Lunneborg, Clifford E.
Differences between the sexes in patterns of responses to vocational interest questionnaires were investigated by multidimensional scaling methods. The twelve areas of interest, based on a U.S.Employment Service study, were: artistic, scientific, nature, protective, mechanical, routine, clerical, persuasive, service, humanitarian, social-business, and entertaining. An Occupational Activities Preference (OAP) instrument was designed to elicit expressions of preference among all 66 possible comparisons. Responses were analyzed separately for a sample of 392 high school females and for a sample of 356 high school males. Multidimensional scaling of the preferences showed three clusters of preferences for each sex, but different patterns of clusters. It appeared that service and technical areas had different connotations for high school males and for high school females. These differences in values and expectations have implications for vocational psychology and counseling. (CTM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., Seattle. Educational Assessment Center.
Identifiers: Occupational Activities Preference
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (62nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, March 29, 1978)