ERIC Number: ED181048
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Linking School Resources to Educational Outcomes: The Role of Homework.
Garner, William T.
HMLI Research Bulletin, v19 n1 Nov 1978
Homework assignments are viewed as a kind of resource allocation which should be included in assessing a school's educational resources. Three questions are addressed in this study: average time allocations for student exposure to learning resources in class, through homework, and in total; extent of the variations in these averages; and relationship of the variations to student ability. Data are based on survey responses of mathematics and reading-language arts teachers in grades 5, 8, and 10, in New York City and Connecticut. It is concluded that student opportunity to learn and time allotted to subject matter varies; larger variations are found in time allocated to homework; these variations are related to teachers' reports of the average ability levels of classes. Higher ability calsses, as perceived by teachers, are given more exposure to school learning activities. At upper grades, more homework is assigned and learning-related activities are shifted from the classroom to the home. To the extent that student achievement is positively related to home influences, the expected effect of assigning more homework to more able students increases the influence of home background on academic achievement. (MH)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Horace Mann - Lincoln Inst. for School Experimentation.