ERIC Number: ED180972
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Five Faces of Research on Teaching. Occasional Paper No. 24.
Clark, Christopher M.
Approaches to educational research are grouped into five major categories. The process-product approach correlates teacher behavior with student achievement. Aptitude-treatment-interaction researchers believe that their research will identify instructional methods that are particularly suitable for students with specific aptitudes. Researchers in the Carroll Model tradition consider the most important factor in explaining, predicting, and controlling student achievement is time for learning. The ethnographic approach has its roots in anthropology and was developed and used to study cultures, particularly cultures foreign to the researcher. Researchers favoring the cognitive information-processing approach have a great deal of interest in basic psychological processes thought to occur in a teacher's mind that organize and direct the teacher's behavior. (JD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Classroom Observation Techniques, Educational Anthropology, Educational Research, Evaluation Methods, Psychological Patterns, Research Criteria, Research Methodology, Student Characteristics, Teacher Behavior, Time Factors (Learning)
Institute for Research on Teaching, College of Education, Michigan State University, 252 Erickson Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824 ($2.00)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Inst. for Research on Teaching.