ERIC Number: ED180907
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Education Policies in Perspective: An Appraisal of OECD Country Educational Policy Reviews.
An overview of studies of national educational policy conducted by member nations of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) from 1965 to 1979 is presented. The major objective of the report is to identify lessons from past educational policies of the various countries to serve as guides for current and future policy formation. The document is presented in six chapters. Chapter I reviews the changing educational scene in OECD countries. Current trends include expansion of higher education, increased student participation, and financial stringencies. Chapter II presents abstracts of reviews undertaken since 1965 by educational ministries in Ireland, Sweden, Italy, Austria, the Netherlands, the United States, France, Japan, Norway, Canada, and Australia. Chapter III focuses on demography, changing attitudes towards education, and statements of values and objectives. Chapter IV discusses the relationship between educational systems and national economies, planning, political influences, and educational research. Chapter V views major educational issues in high schools, colleges, and teacher training institutions. Issues include access to education, equality versus excellence, regional disparities, comprehensive programs, and economic efficiency. Also discussed are recurrent education and educational organization. The final chapter stresses purposes and impact of OECD reviews and stresses that future reviews will be most useful to OECD nations if they address a wide range of interrelated problems, present multiple national viewpoints, and are followed up by appropriate groups within one or several countries. (DB)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Continuation Education, Educational Assessment, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational Needs, Educational Objectives, Educational Policy, Educational Trends, Employment, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Higher Education, Secondary Education, Teacher Education, Values
OECD Publications and Information Center, Suite 1207, 1750 Pennsylvania Avenue N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006 ($6.00)
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).