ERIC Number: ED180736
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Aug-23
Reference Count: 0
Migrant Worker Crew Leaders in Western New York, 1978 Public Policy and Structural Change.
Young, Ruth C.; John, Bruce M.
Interviews conducted with 36 farmers and 175 migrant farmworkers in western New York showed a substantial change in the role of the crew leader during the period from 1951, when no federal or state laws regulated crew leader-migrant relations, to 1978, when a complex set of regulations interceded in the relationship. Farmer interviews showed that only one-third used crew leaders; 34 of the 36 farmers reported that either instead of or in addition to working through crew leaders they hired migrant workers individually. Of the migrant workers interviewed, only 42% had worked with a crew leader at some time in the past year. These findings indicated that migrant work under crew leaders had declined by nearly half since 1953, when a study in the same region showed 65% of the farmers using crew leaders and 81% of the migrants working on crews in the past year. The crew leader role had changed qualitatively as well as quantitatively; regulation of migrant employment had changed the patron-client relationship between crew leader and migrant to a written, contractual arrangement with the crew leader no longer in control of worker wages. Correspondingly, the role of the farmer had changed from producer to manager and labor manager; and the responsibility for social and economic needs of the migrant had shifted from the crew leader to the community, the farmer, and the migrant family network. (Author/JH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: New York (West)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (Burlington, VT, August 23-26, 1979); For related document, see ED 175 623