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ERIC Number: ED180726
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
The Economic and Social Impact of the Arctic Co-operative Movement on the Canadian Eskimo.
Jensen, Kenneth D.
Canada's Arctic co-operatives are designed to provide a means of encouraging Eskimos to participate directly in the economic development of the Arctic through the promotion of cooperative ownership and enterprise. They also seek to provide a method of maximizing economic returns in Arctic communities from local businesses and enterprise. Backed by government loans, the cooperative's numbers and success have increased rapidly since their inception in 1959. Total sales volume increased from $209,000 in 1961 to nearly 3.1 million in 1969. Changes beyond the economic benefits have also occurred. Eskimos have moved from merely supplying raw materials to production, purchasing and marketing, thus eliminating unnecessary middlemen. Social benefits include the rise of Pan-Eskimo solidarity and community-wide decision making. The co-ops have also provided a valuable training ground for native leaders. Successful multipurpose co-ops have cut across generational and sexual lines for the full utilization of human resources. Women, in particular, have acquired needed roles and outlets for their talents. The net effect of the co-ops has been a healthier, independent Eskimo population actively participating in the cooperative development of the Canadian Arctic. (DS)
Descriptors: Canada Natives, Collective Settlements, Community Development, Cooperatives, Credit (Finance), Economic Development, Economic Opportunities, Economic Progress, Eskimos, Financial Needs, Financial Services, Government Role, Job Training, Social Change, Socioeconomic Influences, Trade and Industrial Education
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Arctic; Canada; Self Sufficient Living
Note: For related document, see ED 149 900