ERIC Number: ED180694
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Combining Education and Work; Experiences in Asia and Oceania: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Semykin, N. P.
Working education in the USSR prepares students for socially useful and productive work by equipping them with the knowledge, abilities, skills and attitudes necessary for collective activities. Working education does not give students a profession but rather prepares them to master one by including in its curriculum professional knowledge and skills, physical exercise, technical problems, practical training, and lab work, all in a productive setting which uses the students' knowledge and stimulates further learning. The program continues through all ten grades in three increasingly complicated stages: grades 1-3, introduction to productive work; grades 4-8, initial knowledge of various technical, service, and agricultural activities, and contemporary applications of science in industry and agriculture; grades 9-10, training towards a trade specialty and transition to professional work. Many academic subjects are closely related to the productive activities of working education. In one work-study program being tested, rural students' studies and jobs are sex-determinant. Work, further determined by curriculum, focuses on selecting work objectives which have social significance, are age-appropriate, foster a love of work, and closely approximate real working conditions. Students participate in the complete spectrum of rural agricultural activities, guided in part by experienced local workers. (SB)
Descriptors: Affective Objectives, Career Choice, Career Education, Clubs, Community Involvement, Curriculum, Education Work Relationship, Educational Objectives, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Government School Relationship, Human Resources, Outdoor Education, Rural Development, Rural Education, School Role, Student Attitudes, Student Experience, Supervised Farm Practice, Teaching Methods, Technical Education, Vocational Education, Work Experience Programs
UNIPUB, Box 433, Murray Hill Station, New York, NY 10016
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and Oceania.
Authoring Institution: Academy of Science, Moscow (USSR).