ERIC Number: ED180690
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Combining Education and Work; Experiences in Asia and Oceania: Pakistan.
Federal Ministry of Education, Islamabad (Pakistan).
In Pakistan, academic education is a luxury. Instead, education must be geared to production, solving practical problems, and promoting national development. Since 1951, Pakistan has attempted to bring work and education together and to throw off the structural and attitudinal restrictions of a foreign educational system which strangled tradition, creativity, and initiative. The government's on-going efforts to integrate general and technical education are reflected in the establishment of Agricultural Training Institutions, Vocational Institutes for both sexes, and the Agro-Technical Education Project, which has introduced compulsory vocational education to 1200 schools in the general school system in order to make general education production-oriented. In grades 6-8 in participating schools, one-fifth of school time is devoted to pre-vocational training. In grades 9-10 more specific vocational education is provided in over 60 subjects. Furthermore, the establishment of 26 Polytechnic Schools (one for women) and two Swedish-Pakistani Institutes of Technology has greatly expanded technician training in the country. Admission is by merit to the institutes which teach both technical and management principles in 21 areas. Work and education are combined outside the formal education system in agricultural extension programs, factory on-the-job training, and functional literacy programs. (SB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Affective Objectives, Agricultural Education, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Education Work Relationship, Educational Policy, Educational Programs, Elementary Secondary Education, Extension Education, Government School Relationship, Human Resources, Labor Force Development, Labor Needs, On the Job Training, Poverty, Productivity, Quality of Life, Rural Development, Teaching Methods, Technical Education, Technical Institutes, Vocational Education, Work Experience Programs
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and Oceania.
Authoring Institution: Federal Ministry of Education, Islamabad (Pakistan).
Note: Prepared through the Bureau of Educational Planning and Management