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ERIC Number: ED180681
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Elderly Alaskan Natives in Anchorage: A Needs-Assessment for Social Services Program Planning.
Hines, Charles; And Others
Eighty-five elderly Alaskan Natives living in Anchorage were interviewed to determine if their needs were being met by programs designed for the elderly on a national level. Agencies serving the elderly were also questioned. Age, sex, and ethnic background of the respondents were compared with the variables of degree of education, marital status, health, religion, income, and such acculturation factors as length of residence in Anchorage, media use, voting patterns, employment, and use of traditional foods, language, and activities. The ethnic background of the old people was 51% Eskimo, 15% Athapascan, 7% Tlingit-Haida, and 27% Aleut. About one-half lived alone and nearly all of the respondents relied on themselves for their needs. Although most lived on a minimum income, they seldom expected or requested help from formal agencies. Family, culture, and religion were the three areas where expressed needs were most frequently indicated. Three major findings of the study emerged: (1) the old people have a relatively high degree of life satisfaction; (2) they very much desire to retain cultural ties and values; and (3) communication is the main obstacle to coping in the urban environment. Recommendations of the study include more consistency in health care and providers, senior housing projects, transportation assistance, and co-ops to help secure native foods. (Author/DS)
Descriptors: Agency Role, Alaska Natives, Cultural Differences, Cultural Interrelationships, Demography, Emotional Adjustment, Eskimos, Ethnicity, Gerontology, Government Role, Human Services, Individualism, Interviews, Needs Assessment, Nonreservation American Indians, Older Adults, Questionnaires, Urban Population, Urbanization
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Alaska Univ., Anchorage.
Identifiers: Alaska (Anchorage); Self Sufficient Living
Note: Appendix M and some maps may not reproduce well due to small print